Stage design overview
First, the purpose of stage design
The purpose of the stage design, simply speaking, is based on the contents of the script, in-depth study of the story of the space-time background, the role of personality and the relationship between the characters, planning a smooth line and performance area, the design of a reasonable space, To convey the idea of the play to the audience. It is because of all the changes in space and time in a play, in this small space to show, so any one on the stage, all represent a unique information. Stage designers use his ingenuity to create the magic of the theater, so that the audience into them, with the plot of ups and downs and breathing, and this is the stage design and the purpose of the fun of the challenge.
Second, the stage design function
The background of the performance of the play
In some historical plays, often found in the court of the Han Dynasty actually appeared in the Ming Dynasty chair, and in the Ming Dynasty drama will appear in several Qing Dynasty porcelain, the reason why such jokes, because the layout Textual Research on the Lost Historical Materials. A play has its background of the times, on the stage through the furnishings and props can be easily reproduced. When a props to be placed on the stage, as large as the architectural style, furniture, ornaments, such as a small vase, a painting, have to undergo a careful textual research, so that trouble joke.
Although the stage design can easily reproduce a play of the background of the times, but do not blindly to copy an old space. Stage designers must absorb and rebuild the data, giving new meaning to the stage, this is a successful reproduction.
The place of the performance
"The world is big, no wonder", in every place, has its own special customs and habits. Talking about the ice house will think of Eskimo, talking and room, cherry blossoms will naturally think of Mount Fuji. Similarly, when the court appeared on the stage courtyard, will think of Jiangnan scenery; if you see the line limit line, the above is also close to large and small advertising, eyes may be a modern Taipei Street View. Stage design is the use of such a clue to the total, tell the audience the location of the play.
In addition to the scenery can show the play place, the props can also use the appropriate performance of different time and space of life patterns. For example, the use of stoves can imply that the protagonist may be in the mountains or cold areas, etc., these bits and pieces of clues can clearly show the scene of the drama.
The performance of the season
In addition to the stage to provide the audience background and location of the clues, but also to provide the audience for the play season understanding. Often the playwright has set the season when writing the script, the designer will be based on the tips, the use of props decorated with lighting effects with the show can show different seasonal changes. For example, in the eaves decorated some snow and ice, a winter scenery on the vivid paper.
The performance status of the characters in the play
The status of the characters in the play, can be easily arranged by the stage and props to highlight the furnishings.
The mood and purpose of the script
Whether it is symbolism, expressionism, realism or any other drama, have its potential emotions and intentions, a stage designer to integrate into the character of the role of play, deep to understand his experience, and then according to the heart of the experience Out of the impression of the stage, and then unknowingly revealed to the audience.
Third, the relationship between the designer and the playwright
A stage designer in the creation of the time, the first to face the question is: for the script mentioned in the scene description and stage instructions, in the end to respect to what extent? What is the space of self-creation? How to choose not to affect the original intention of the original? This is a matter of opinion, maybe not a correct answer.
Designers and playwrights are the same as creators, but the biggest difference between the two is: stage designer is a text into a visual image of the role. In the process of transformation, designers such as scholars to collect information, research and analysis, in the course of the study, the designer must consider whether his design works convey the playwright's intention and message? And at the same time how to express their own unique creativity.
Often hear some playwrights chic that how others want to interpret their works, is completely free of others. Similarly, the stage designer in the design of a play should not be rigid in accordance with the needs of the script, a door or a window of the photo do not know, to know, the interpretation or reproduction of the script is focused on the overall idea and creation , But on the side of the minutia on the picky.
Fourth, the relationship between the stage designer and the director
It was not until the early nineteenth century that most of the stage designers were still painters or architects who had little involvement in the design process and did not communicate with the director's ideas. The design of the scenes on the stage might not be much Of the relationship, because the so-called stage design, but a stage decoration only. As long as the spectacular scene, the director and the theater boss simply do not care whether this excessive decoration is in line with the tone of the story.
However, in the modern theater, the stage, clothing, lighting, sound, etc., has become a success or failure of one of the key, they are no longer just separate technology. So the pursuit of a play in the overall visual coordination, the director and the designer will spend more time for each other to communicate and adjust, and this is the biggest feature of the modern theater.
So the stage designer in the design of this stage to play what kind of visual effects, is based on the contents of the script, the style of performance and the overall idea of the director to decide. In contrast, the director should also have a designer image-like way of thinking, to try to figure out the overall picture of the stage, familiar with each other's language. Some of the director's ideas are very strong, but can not imagine all kinds of design plans (floor plans, elevations, color maps, etc.) or the performance of the model stage visual effects, have to show in the actual stage space to see out. At this time the stage designer must have a strong ability to adapt, at any time with the director to make appropriate adjustments. Because the director may still be changing at the last minute. Of course, this situation will affect the design of the concept of the original design, if a designer to maintain an open attitude, not only can solve the problem, sometimes because of new insights and others have unexpected results.
A complete play is a long time for many people to cooperate and coordinate the work of the results, it is through a series of different stages of the program, and after a series of repeated communication and modification in order to achieve a consistent form. This procedure is three-step: whole → detail → whole
The first stage of the "whole" is in reading the script after the analysis, the various departments in the visual effect to reach a consensus. This is the core stage of the idea and the key to cooperation.
The second stage of the "details" is in the overall concept of the concept of vision, the director and the stage designer separately for the row and design and other details of the work.
The third stage of the "whole" is the combination of local results on the stage, make the appropriate changes, and finally achieve the image of the unity of the show.
In addition to the ideal way of cooperation, the director and the stage designer there are two common work conditions: one is the director of the dominant, out of the list to the designer to do so. The other is the director's mind is not in the design, the designer did what even count. Basically, these two are not normal cooperative relations, only the director and stage designers with equal attitude, in the art of mutual exchange, is the mature professional cooperation attitude.
A stage designer in the work of their thinking is flowing, unlike the painter is concerned about the canvas of the second space, and the sculptor thinking about the three space objects, because the drama is in the three space on the stage, the other Coupled with the flow of time (actor expression) of the presentation, so the stage designers are not only concerned about the stage of the static art screen, as well as the stage of the living mobile screen.
Similarly, the director in the stage visual image of the idea, choice, should also take into account the static space and dynamic space coordination, it will not cause the stage scene and performance style on the unexpected. The director's idea does not need more, sometimes an idea is enough to run through a play of the game design.
The stage is a changing world of magic, like a kaleidoscope-like colorful, before the film is not formed before the formation, do not rush to decide the ground, or change the same, to leave some changes in the space so that the director and the design experience of some unexpected With the effect of Xing, after all, dance is not only the practice of philosophy or philosophy of life experience, but more should be as pleasing to the heart of the instrument generally have unlimited possibilities of joy.
Fifth, dance design work procedures
A good design work, in addition to pretending to be thoughtful communication ideas, but also have a complete set of stage design work procedures, so can only get a multiplier effect. The ideal working procedure, the process is as follows:
Design stage script analysis → data collection
Design Conference → Design Concepts Communication
Drawing, drawing → plan, section view, front view, perspective,
Color model → color, color complete model
Production stage structure of the production → woodworking, metalworking, props
Painted landscapes painted, props painted
Performance stage into the theater → installed, built King
Show → take pictures
After the completion of the show → dismantling the work record
From a design concept to the completion of the production is a very complicated work, if not a complete set of working procedures, the results will inevitably lead to disorder, and thus affect the overall performance, as the so-called complete work procedures, due to personal work methods and Creative thinking of different, steps vary, here is a set of more common work procedures. The design stage, the technical stage and the stage of the show were discussed separately, because in the system of professional theater, the stage production technology implementation, generally by the so-called technical guidance to guide the completion, but in the current production environment is poor, budget constraints Theater environment, the designer can make their own, on the one hand can save money, but also more complete presentation of their own design.
First, the design stage
Stage designers in the design work before proceeding, we must first understand the script, do script analysis work. In fact, the designer's understanding of the script should be no less than the director or actor, but he did the analysis and the director did something different, in addition to the script to convey the idea, but also from the script to find any between the lines Contribute to the creation of clues.
Designers have a very important job before proceeding with the design, that is, with the director and other designers to start design meetings. In the meeting, the director and the various departments of the designers of their own interpretation of the script, to understand each other's design concepts, to discuss the future of the whole play. In the process may be disputes and setbacks, but also often produce new ideas. Finally, by the director for an integration, planning a creative direction and scope, a complete and wonderful drama was born. But there are times when the director has the most primitive creative concept, and then find the designer to complete his idea, which will make the designer become an implementer only. But after all, the theater is a group creation art, the director and the designer should respect each other and work together.
Draw all kinds of graphics
After the design meeting, the stage designer on the director and other designers to have a clear understanding of the design, they began to draw the minds of the stage picture, which is a rough sketch, but it is the designer will be abstract Conceptualization of the first step. Sketch in the design process will be due to the emergence of inspiration and development, until the design is so mature.
When the sketch is determined, the stage designer must draw the stage plan, the so-called plan is a bird's eye view of the stage, from the picture can be clearly marked out of the wall, doors, furniture, stairs, platforms and other props and props location. The director can be based on this plan to design actors walking and screen arrangement, lighting designers also need to be based on this plan to understand the distribution of the stage space, the light area of the division and distribution of the location of the lamp.
3, working model
Then, the stage designer must make a simple and proportional work model, which can help the director and the designer themselves can be more clearly from all angles to observe the stage of the three space and be fully utilized.
4, section view, perspective view, front view 3
Once you have the correct plan, you will need to draw a proportion of the stage profile, side view, front view and perspective. With these drawings, the lighting designer can calculate the lighting angle, select the lamp, proceed with a more complete design work.
5, color scene map
The so-called color diagram refers to the color of the front view or perspective. Designers in the design of the meeting, each proposed their own design and the correct color of the color card to discuss the coordination of the stage, clothing, lighting the basic colors. After the finalization, the stage designer must present a color diagram of each scene, the purpose of providing a color, texture and material of the color map, to help the actors, directors and other staff in advance to feel the atmosphere.
6, complete the stage color model
When the color and texture of each field after the decision, you can create a complete proportion of the color model, it is equivalent to a complete large stage of the scalar, it can be used to view all the visual effects, you can expect the stage will occur Of the screen, provided to the director and other designers on the stage of the overall concept of the complete vision, and for the background of the production staff reference.
Second, the production stage
Completed the first stage of the design work, followed by a series of props props with the production and painting.
Stage structure of the production
In the professional theater, the construction of the scenery and props is drawn from the so-called technical guidance and is responsible for the completion of the supervision. However, for the needs of the construction and clear expression of the design concept, stage designers sometimes have to set all the details of the scenery and props completed. Although these diagrams do not have to be drawn as a structural way as in the construction drawing, the size of each props should be marked on the drawing as much as possible. These needs and technical guidance to communicate in order to accurately estimate, ask the material, and draw accurate construction plans, so that staff can be successfully completed.
The drawing of the stage
When the structure of the stage is completed, they have to wear clothes for the stage, after the stage can show a different style. Whether it is props, scenes or scenery, in the formal painting before the stage designers have to draw a proportional color elevation and provide the correct color draft, so that the painting division can enlarge the pattern to complete the painting. In Taiwan due to the professional theater started soon, the theater professional painting division is not much, generally by the stage designer is responsible for the completion of painting, on the one hand to save money, while the stage designer personally involved in painting the work, better grasp the color accuracy.
Third, the performance stage
When the stage is actively designed and produced, at the same time the director and the actors are in full swing in the rehearsal, and in the process of rehearsal, the director of the walk, the stage screen arrangement may produce new ideas, so the stage designer must Different times to see the rehearsal (known as with the play), so in accordance with the new director of the concept, at any time to do the stage appropriate and small changes.
Technology rehearsal before the show
After the completion of the design, production, followed by the performance is facing, in the stage before the stage design is still unfinished responsibility. After entering the theater, everything is scheduled by the stage schedule schedule, of course, the stage design for the overall picture is the most familiar, and technical guidance is familiar with how to assemble, so they need close cooperation, so as to successfully complete the installation Taiwan and the operation of the scene. When the equipment is completed, the lights, clothing will be debut, so in a time of the rehearsal of the technology, the designer to constantly examine their own work whether there is any problem to be modified, so that the stage to achieve the best results.
Official performances, designers and directors will be retreated behind the scenes, waiting for the audience to accept the test, this time as a stage designer may be dressed to accept friends and the audience congratulations. But do not forget there is an important job: record. In the performance of the schedule will be scheduled to shoot the stills of the time, the designer can take a King Jingjing carefully completed the design, finishing a good job log, all kinds of plans, models and stills, for the design of the project A perfect period.
Stage design is not a simple work, but a difficult knowledge, not only to have a rich humanistic qualities and research and analysis of the ability to draw various types of kung fu, but also familiar with the production technology and various types of material characteristics, To avoid the design of things that can not be implemented in the "castle in the air."
Therefore, in addition to reading the stage design books to obtain sufficient knowledge, the most important is still "do" the effort, the actual production from the stage, design assistant or stage technology implementation, props, scenery production and other practical cold accumulated trickle experience Is to become the stage design the most straightforward and solid pipeline.